Definitions For Health-Related Words

Here we gathered a few definitions for health-related words that we believe you might need to know when reading health blog, post or book. We did this for your easy reference. We have included all that we have for now and we’ll keep on updating an ever-increasing number of words. We sincerely plead with YOU all to share any related words that you might have in your library with us, so we can include those names on this page. It will eventually help all of us including yourself in the future. Thank you in advance, for your contribution. Here is the list of definitions for health-related words below.

  1. Absorption – In nutrition, the process of moving protein, carbohydrates, fats, and other nutrients from the digestive system into the bloodstream. Most absorption occurs in the small intestine.
  2. Acitretin (Soriatane®) – is a second-generation retinoid. Typically used for psoriasis and is taken orally.
  3. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) – It is the leading cause of vision loss in older people, this eye disease that results in a loss of central, “straight-ahead” vision.
  4. Age-Related Eye Disease Study – was a clinical trial sponsored by the National Eye Institute, one of the National Institutes of Health in the United States.
  5. Antioxidants – This is a substance that protects body cells from damages that may be caused by free radicals (compounds that are formed during the metabolism of oxygen). It might help prevent the development of some chronic diseases like cancer. Antioxidants include zinc, beta-carotene; lutein; lycopene; vitamins A, C, and E; and selenium.
  6. Beta-carotene – A carotenoid found in carrots, cantaloupe, apricots, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, papaya, winter squash, mangos, collard greens, spinach, kale, romaine lettuce, broccoli, and other oranges, red, and dark green fruits and vegetables and red bell pepper.
  7. Bexarotene (Targretin®) – This is an antineoplastic (anti-cancer) agent approved by the FDA and U.S.Food (in late 1999) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) (early 2001) for use as a treatment for cutaneous T cell lymphoma (CTCL).
  8. Carotenoids – found in foods that come from plants
  9. cellular communication – is an umbrella term used in biology and more in-depth in biophysics, biochemistry, and biosemiotics to identify different types of communication methods between living cellulite.
  10. Cholesterol – A substance found throughout the body. The liver makes an essential component of cells. Cholesterol also used to make hormones, vitamin D, and bile acid. Foods that come from animals contain dairy products, cholesterol, including eggs, meat, fish, and poultry. The Level of cholesterol high blood cholesterol increases a person’s chance (risk) of developing heart disease and atherosclerosis.
  11. Copper – In nutrition, a mineral the body needs (along with iron) to make red blood cells. Copper also helps keep the immune system, vessel, blood, nerves, and bones healthy. Copper found in some foods, including oysters and other shellfish, whole grains, beans, nuts, potatoes, organ meats, dark leafy greens, and dried fruits.
  12. Conjunctival membranes – Is a tissue that lines the inside of the eyelids. It covers the sclera (the white of the eye). It is composed of unkeratinized, stratified squamous epithelium with goblet cells and stratified columnar epithelium.
  13. Cornea – is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber
  14. Cystic fibrosis – Is a common inherited disease that causes the human body to make thick, sticky mucus, which builds in the lungs and blocks the airways, leading to repeated severe lung infections. Mucus also obstructs the pancreas, which stops digestive enzymes from reaching the intestines. Cystic fibrosis likewise causes very salty sweat, which can lead to dehydration, increased heart rate, tiredness, low blood pressure, and heatstroke.
  15. Dairy – Milk, and products made with milk, such as buttermilk, yogurt, cheese, cottage cheese, and ice cream.
  16. DeficiencyAn amount that is not enough. A shortage.
  17. DiarrheaLoose, watery stools.
  18. Dietary supplementsA dietary supplement contains one or more nutritional ingredients (including vitamins, herbs, minerals or other, amino acids, botanical, and other substances) or their components; it is intended to be taken by mouth as a capsule, tablet, pill, or liquid; and it is identified on the label of the product as being a supplement(dietary).
  19. Dietary fiber – This is a substance in plants that you can’t digest. It adds numerous amounts to your diet to make you feel full for longer, helps prevent constipation, and may help lower the risk of heart disease and diabetes. Good sources of dietary fiber include whole grains (such as brown rice, quinoa, oats, bulgur, and popcorn), legumes (like black beans, garbanzo beans, split peas, and lentils), nuts, seeds, fruit, and vegetables.
  20. Fat-soluble – Can be dissolved in fat.
  21. FDA – The Food and Drug Administration is responsible for protecting public health by ensuring the efficacy, safety, and security of human and veterinary drugs, medical devices, and biological products, and by ensuring that the safety of our nation’s food supply, products that emit radiation and cosmetics.
  22. Healthcare providersThis is a person who supplies us health care services. Health care providers include people with professional training (including doctors, nurses, technicians, and aides).
  23. Heart – is a muscular organ in most animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system
  24. Immune systemA group of organs and cells that primarily defends the body against infection, altered (mutated) cells, and disease. It includes the spleen, thymus, lymphatic system (lymph nodes and lymph vessels), bone marrow, tonsils, and white blood cells.
  25. InteractA change in the way a dietary supplement acts in the body whenever taking with certain other foods or supplements, medicines, or when considered with certain medical issues. Interactions might cause the dietary supplement to be more or less active or produce effects on a body unexpected.
  26. KidneysOne of two beans, like organs that remove waste from the blood and convert to urine). The kidneys also make erythropoietin and help regulate blood pressure—the organs located near the back under the lower ribs.
  27. LungsAn organ in the chest that supplies oxygen to the body and removes carbon dioxide. There are two lungs in the body.
  28. Lutein and Zeaxanthin – These are the two essential eye nutrients that are carotenoids (Kuh-RAH-teh-noids). They are yellow to red pigments that are found widely in vegetables and other plants. Though lutein is considered a yellow dye, in high concentrations, it appears orange-red.
  29. Measles – A group of diseases of the respiratory tract caused by a virus. Measles are highly contagious and spreads quickly from person to person through sneezing or coughing. Symptoms include cough, fever, red and irritated eyes, and a spreading rash. Important complications include pneumonia, inflammation of the brain, and death. One form called German measles may cause congenital disabilities in a fetus if a woman is infected early in her pregnancy.
  30. Microgramsµg or mcg. It is a unit of weight in the metric system equal to one-millionth of a gram. (A gram is measured at approximately one-thirtieth of an ounce.
  31. Minerals – In nutrition, an inorganic substance found in the earth that is required to maintain health.)
  32. Multivitamin-mineral supplements (MVM) – It is a product that meant to supplement the diet. MVM contains a variety of minerals and vitamins. The amounts and number of these nutrients can vary substantially by product.
  33. NauseaThe uneasy feeling of having an urge to throw up (vomit).
  34. Nutrients – This is a chemical compound found in food that is used by the body to maintain health and function. Examples of nutrients include proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals.
  35. Premature infantsA baby born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Usually, pregnancy lasts 42 weeks. She also called preterm infant and preemie.
  36. PrescriptionA written order from a health care provider for medicine, therapy, or tests.
  37. PsoriasisA chronic inflammatory disease in which the skin becomes swollen, red, and itchy, with patches of silvery-white scales.
  38. PreventIn medicine, the action taken to decrease the chance (risk) of developing a disease.
  39. PharmacistA person licensed to make and dispense (give out) prescription drugs and who has taught how to use them, they work, and their side effects.
  40. Preformed vitamin A – is found in meat, poultry, fish, and dairy products.
  41. Provitamin A – is a substance found in fruits, vegetables, and other plant-based products, some foods that the body can utilize to make a vitamin. An example of a provitamin might be beta-carotene, which the body utilizes to make vitamin A. Also called a vitamin precursor.
  42. Poultrybirds that raised for eggs or meat, including chickens, turkeys, ducks, and geese.
  43. Retinol activity equivalentsRAE. It is a measure of the content and activity of vitamin A in foods.
  44. Retinyl palmitateThe main form in which retinol (the kind of vitamin A in foods that come from animals) stored in the body.
  45. Retinol – preformed vitamin A found in foods that come from animals, and the body can use retinol to make retinoic acid and retinal (other forms of vitamin A).
  46. Retinal – also known as retinaldehyde, is a form of vitamin A. It was initially called retinene and renamed afterward discovered to be vitamin A aldehyde. Retinal is one of the different forms of vitamin A (the number of which varies from species to species).
  47. Retinoic acid – is a metabolite of vitamin A (all-transretinol) that mediates the functions of vitamin A1 required for growth and development.
  48. Rhodopsin – a protein that absorbs light in the retinal receptors
  49. Serum – is the fluid and solute component of blood, which does not play a role in clotting.[1] It may define as blood plasma without fibrinogens.
  50. SyntheticMade by combining parts to make a whole, usually having to do with substances that are artificial or manufactured.
  51. Symptom A feeling of sickness that an individual can feel, but that cannot be measured by a healthcare professional or services. Examples include pain, headache, tiredness, stomach ache, and depression.
  52. T-cell lymphomaCutaneous Tcell lymphoma (CTCL) is a rare type of cancer that begins in white blood cells called T cells (T lymphocytes). These cells usually help your body’s germ-fighting immune system. In cutaneous Tcell lymphoma, the T cells develop abnormalities that make them attack the skin.
  53. Vision – It is the faculty or state of being able to see.
  54. Zeaxanthin and Lutein – These are the two essential eye nutrients that are carotenoids (Kuh-RAH-teh-noids). They are yellow to red pigments that are found widely in vegetables and other plants. Though lutein is considered a yellow dye, in high concentrations, it appears orange-red.
  55. ZincA mineral found in most cells of the body, that helps enzymes work properly, helps maintain a healthy immune system, helps keep the senses of taste and smell, and is needed for wound healing, making DNA and healthy growth and development during pregnancy, childhood, and adolescence. Zinc found in some foods, including oysters, red meat, poultry, beans, nuts, certain seafood, whole grains, fortified breakfast cereals, and dairy products.

2 Replies to “Definitions For Health-Related Words”

  1. Wow, very nice list of words associated to our everyday health. I didn’t realize our bodies even needed copper it’s amazing. How many of us take our complex bodies for granted and fail to take care of our selves. Thanks for the list.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *